75 years of independence: India and Pakistan, in photos



Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, with freedom activists on the Dandi March — an act of non-violent civil disobedience on April 6, 1930. Gandhi became widely known as the man who secured India’s independence.

PA Images/Reuters

Updated at 0512 GMT (1312 HKT) August 15, 2022

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, with freedom activists on the Dandi March — an act of non-violent civil disobedience on April 6, 1930. Gandhi became widely known as the man who secured India’s independence.

PA Images/Reuters

In August 1947, the Indian subcontinent gained independence from the British and two nations were born.

But the borders of the new countries — Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan — were hastily drawn, prompting the largest mass migration in history and some of the worst sectarian violence the subcontinent has ever seen.

The legacy of that violent separation has reverberated ever since, including in the numerous wars the two countries have fought against each other.

Seventy-five years later, the birth of two nations remains one of the most compelling stories of the 20th century. We look back at the creation of India and Pakistan and the remarkable moments they witnessed, from their freedom fighters to their leaders and the many ordinary people whose lives were shaped by their partition.



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